University of Winnipeg
Anthropology Museum

The Anthropology Museum is an administrative unit of the Anthropology Department, University of Winnipeg. The collections included in the museum were established by Dr. J.H. Steinbring in the 1960s. Dr. Steinbring's intent was to develop quality reference and artifact collections for use in research and teaching.

The scope of the Museum's collections spans evidence of the first human and human-like ancestors to the diversity of peoples and cultures in the contemporary world. Holdings of artifacts, associated material and records, and reproductions are divided into three main areas of anthropological study: archaeology, ethnography, and physical anthropology.

The Archaeology Collection
The Archaeology Collection is comprised of artifacts from over 260 Precontact and Postcontact sites in Manitoba, as well as small numbers of artifacts from the Near East (The Heatherington Collection) and Central America (The Porter Collection).

The Museum has been the repository for archaeological assemblages recovered during the Department's field schools since the late 1960s. Local avocational archaeologists and private donars have also made significant contributions.

Artifacts from EfKv-10: (a) adze head hafted in a re-production handle; (b) adze; (c-e) projectile points; (f) biface.
The archaeological collection is used in research, exhibits and in teaching. Courses in offered through the Anthropology Department in archaeology include Method and Theory in Archaeology, taught by Dr. Michael MacKinnon, and the Archaeological Field School.
The Ethnographic Collection
Established by Dr. J.H. Steinbring while he was working in southeastern Manitoba, The Anthropology Museum's Ethnographic Collection represents the documentation of cultures through the collection of material culture. During the course of their field work and research, other faculty and staff members have contributed to the collection. It now includes objects from Africa, Asia, Oceania, Central America, North America and South America. They represent a range of activities such as hunting, warfare, medical practices, music, art, and household practices.

Courses in ethnography offerred by the Anthro-pology Department include Algonquian Ethnography, taught by Dr. George Fulford, and Aboriginal Peoples of the Arctic, taught by Dr. Barnett Richling.

Catalogue #E6-51, beaded mocassins, Cree, from Manitoba
The Physical Anthrpology Collection
In 1970 Dr. Chris Meiklejohn was hired as the Anthropology Department's first Physical Anthropologist. At that time, the Department had only a small number of reference casts and specimens for Dr. Meiklejohn to use in his research and classes. He soon expanded the collection significantly. The Physical Anthropology Reference Collection now includes over 800 specimens and casts dating from the earliest primates (65 million years ago), to modern times.

The collection reflects the teaching needs and the research interests of the Department's faculty and staff members. Courses in Physical Anthropology include Introduction to Forensic Anthropology taught by Dr. Mirjana Roksandic, and Primate Adaptation, Biology and Evolution taught by Dr. Mary Silcox.

Cast of Australopithecus africanus skull STS 5, also known as "Mrs. Ples". The original fossil was discovered at Sterkfontein, Transvaal, South Africa by Robert Broom in 1947.
Other Collections
The museums houses an archival collection consisting of tapes, photographs and photographic slides, books, maps, field notes and other materials related to curatorial, research and teaching functions. As well, the museum also has several small reference collections.

The largest of these is the Faunal Reference Collection. Bones and shell recovered from archaeological sites are often fragmented. Accurate identifications are made by comparing archaeological specimens to a modern reference collection. The Anthropology Museum's Faunal Reference Collection has over 200 specimens representing 50 wild species of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish, molluscs and birds common to Manitoba, and 10 domestic mammalian and avian species. Many of the specimens in this collection were prepared by students; some were volunteers, some were hired to process skeletons, and others were taking the Department's Analytical Methods in Zooarchaeology I course now taught by Dr. Michael MacKinnon.

Specimen F1A-11-1 Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus). Mule deer inhabit the southwest of Manitoba, preferring habitats such as aspen parkland, river valleys and steep uneven terrain, and open sub-climax coniferous forest.
Contact
Curator, Anthropology Museum
515 Portage Avenue
Winnipeg MB
R3B 2E9
Chair, Anthropology Department
515 Portage Avenue
Winnipeg MB
R3B 2E9